Repealing autonomy, India announces partition of Kashmir into two

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India’s Home Minister Amit Shah has announced the abolition of Article 370 of the Indian Constitution, giving Kashmir the status of an autonomous state. He announced the decision in the Council of States on Monday after meeting Prime Minister Narendra Modi.

Already, a notification has been issued by the government on repealing the Articles 375 and 35 which means the repealing the autonomy, dividing Kashmir into two. Indian President Ram Nath Kovind signed the petition.

Home Minister Amit Shah has raised the bill in the Rajya Sabha, the upper house of parliament. In this, he proposed to abolish sections 375 and 35. These two clauses of the Indian constitution are regarded as the constitutional safeguards of Kashmir. Now, Amit Shah has announced the cancellation of these two sections and divide Kashmir into two. Jammu-Kashmir and Ladakh will be the new two states after dividing Kashmir.

In a post on Twitter, former Kashmir Chief Minister Mehbooba Mufti said the decision effectively proved India as the occupying force in Kashmir.
Meanwhile, Amit Shah commented that it should not be too late to lift the clause 370. He said that after losing the status of the state of Kashmir, Jammu- Kashmir, and Ladakh will be the union territories of India. Rajya Sabha Speaker Bankaiya Naidu said there would be voting on the bill. Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi will address the nation on August 7 on the issue.

India held a massive military rally in the region before announcing the abolition of autonomy, withdrawal of state dignity and breaking of Kashmir into two pieces. More than 35,000 members of the paramilitary force were deployed to Kashmir last week to improve security conditions. These additional members of the security forces have been deployed in various parts of the state capital, Srinagar and Kashmir Valley, even in rural areas.

Mobile Internet has already been shut down in various parts of Kashmir. Meetings have been banned. Indian authorities have detained former Chief Minister Mehbooba Mufti and Omar Abdullah in their houses from Sunday night. Sajjad Lone, another prominent politician and chairman of the People’s Conference Party, is also under surveillance at his home. Referring to the threat of terrorist attacks, stringent regulations have been imposed in important institutions and in sensitive areas. The 144 clause has been issued in Srinagar district since midnight on Sunday.
Strict rules and regulations were imposed on Sunday in important parts of Kashmir. The mobile Internet was shut down in several places, citing fears of increased violence and terrorist attacks with Pakistan on the Line of Control. Various schools and colleges have been closed. Some educational institutions have also been directed to vacate the hostel. The move was taken as a precautionary measure by the demands of the Kashmir police. On the instructions of the state government on the day, any kind of rally and procession will be banned. The 144 clause has been implemented in Srinagar district since midnight on Sunday. Source: News 1, The Times of India, BBC.

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